Canzone Napoletana, sometimes referred to as Neapolitan song, is a generic term for a traditional form of music sung in the Neapolitan language, ordinarily for the male voice singing solo, although well represented by female soloists as well, and expressed in familiar genres such as the lover's complaint or the serenade. It consists of a large body of composed popular music—such songs as O Sole Mio; Torna a Surriento; Funiculì, Funiculà; Santa Lucia and others. The Neapolitan song became a formal institution in the 1830s due to an annual song-writing competition for the Festival of Piedigrotta, dedicated to the Madonna of Piedigrotta, a well-known church in the Mergellina area of Naples.
“Tammurriata nera” is a Neapolitan song written in 1944 by E. A. Mario (music) and Edoardo Nicolardi (text).
The origin of the song takes inspiration from an episode really happened to Nicolardi, who saw a commotion in the maternity ward in the “Loreto Mare” hospital